HOW CAN I PREVENT GETTING PROSTATE CANCER?

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Can any food reduce my risk of prostate cancer?

This is the first thing I’m going to say. There is no strong evidence that any particular food alone prevents prostate cancer. Instead, it’s a good idea to choose a balanced diet that includes plenty of fruits and vegetables and a wide variety of other healthy foods to prevent other health problems and help maintain a healthy weight. However, it makes sense to consume foods that have scientifically proven positive effects on preventing cancer. This is how I do it myself. In fact, the common feature of the foods I have listed below, apart from being effective against cancer, is that they also contribute to a healthy life!

Cooked tomatoes: Of all the foods I will list, the food known to most strongly prevent prostate cancer is cooked tomatoes. The substance called lycopene, which is also found in uncooked tomatoes and protects against cancer, increases to much higher levels when tomatoes are cooked, increasing the degree of protection. Lycopene is a very strong antioxidant, and the lycopene in cooked tomatoes can be easier to absorb and reach the prostate. Tomatoes are very effective when consumed not only fresh, but also dried, puree or paste. In a tomato-rich country like ours, it would make sense to consume them fresh in summer and as tomato paste and sauce in winter.

Fish: Oily fish are rich in omega-3 fatty acids. This is good

Fats also cause a decrease in the fire called inflammation in the body. Although controversial, theoretically, increased or prolonged inflammation in the prostate may also carry the risk of causing prostate cancer. In the prostate cancer screening conducted on 4577 men in the USA with a follow-up period of 24 years, it was found that those who consumed vegetable oil instead of animal fat had a reduced risk of death from cancer.

Forest fruits: Increased oxidative damage causes an increase in free oxygen radicals in the body. These are toxic byproducts produced by metabolism. When they cannot be controlled, they harm the body. Antioxidants found in high amounts in forest fruits neutralize these free radicals and make them harmless. These fruits include strawberries, blackberries, blueberries and raspberries.

Broccoli: I know many of you do not like broccoli, but did you know that it is good for the immune system rather than cancer? Broccoli contains a phytochemical called sulforaphane. This substance slows down the formation of cancer cells while strengthening our immunity. Broccoli and cabbage, kale, brussels sprouts and cauliflower, which are in the same plant family, can also be consumed for the same effect. Although its protection against prostate cancer is very controversial, I recommend it to my patients who like it due to its other positive effects.

Green Tea: It has been studied a lot, especially in studies from the Far East, but since it is necessary to drink at least 5 cups a day, it seems difficult to have any benefits for the prostate in practice for men in countries that drink red tea like us. Green tea leaves are rich in catechin, which is known as a very powerful antioxidant. This substance has an anti-carcinogenic effect and also helps prevent cells from mutating.

Can I take supplements to reduce my risk?

Some people take supplements to try to reduce their risk of cancer, but research shows that it doesn’t work. Some supplements can even be harmful. The best way to get all the vitamins, minerals and other nutrients your body needs is to eat a healthy, balanced diet that includes plenty of fruits and vegetables. Talk to your doctor before taking any supplements and focus on the lifestyle suggestions and foods I recommend above!

Get rid of bad habits!

Smoking increases the risk of health problems such as heart disease, stroke and some cancers. Most research shows that smoking probably does not increase your risk of prostate cancer. But if you smoke, you may be more likely to get an aggressive form of prostate cancer, which is more likely to grow and spread to other parts of the body, and therefore you may be more likely to die from prostate cancer. If you quit smoking, your risk should start to fall, and after 10 years it may be as low as for men who have never smoked.

Drinking alcohol increases the risk of some types of cancer. We do not know whether it increases the risk of prostate cancer, but if you must drink alcohol, I recommend that you limit the amount of alcohol you consume. This limit is stated in scientific studies as approximately six small glasses (175ml) of wine per week. Try to follow this limit throughout the week and do not forget to have alcohol-free detox days.

Which foods can consuming too much cause prostate cancer?

In fact, we don’t know for sure whether any food increases the risk of prostate cancer. Essentially, no single food increases the risk of cancer. However, that food may cause metabolic problems (cholesterol load) that threaten your health.

diabetes, insulin resistance, etc.), it may cause cancer.

Although there is no clear evidence, it has been reported that some foods may slightly increase your risk of prostate cancer when consumed in excessive amounts. It has been reported that eating or drinking excessive amounts of dairy products such as milk, yoghurt and cheese may increase the risk of prostate cancer, and it has been determined that the possible cause may be the calcium in them. It may be helpful to choose lower-fat and less sugary options whenever possible. External calcium supplements may also increase the risk of prostate cancer. I recommend that you consult your doctor. Eating large amounts of red meat may increase your risk of some types of cancer. The World Cancer Research Fund recommends avoiding more than 500g of cooked red meat (700 – 750g raw) and processed meat per week. A medium-rare serving of roast beef is usually around 90g and medium-rare steak is 145g.

As I tell my patients, especially those whose hometowns such as Adana, Gaziantep and Şanlıurfa consume a lot of meat, too much red meat creates a risk of cancer and general health, especially after the age of 45.

Move and relax! Regular walking every day saves lives!

Exercise protects against many diseases and also reduces the risk of cancer. As a result of studies, those who exercise regularly reduce the risk of prostate cancer, as well as many other cancers. In addition to reducing the risk of cancer, exercise strengthens the hip area muscles (pelvic floor muscles). Pelvic floor muscles are the name given to the muscle group located at the base of the pelvic bone, also known as the pelvic bone, that has important functions in urination, defecation and sexual functions.

Rowing and masculinity

About 2 years ago, our teacher Murat, former coach of the national rowing team, came to me with a suggestion for a work that I had been wanting to do for years. He wanted to investigate the effects of rowing on masculinity and urinary functions in patients who had received prostate cancer treatment and surgery, which was a very logical thesis. I immediately accepted, and we included in the study the patients who had completed their treatment and whom I had operated on and saved from cancer.

In our study, the recreational rowing exercise program was applied for 20 weeks. Exercises 3 days a week, approximately 60 minutes. done. The exercise started with teaching the rowing technique and (anatomical adaptation) adaptation work. The exercises performed in rowing adaptations on land were performed at different durations and intensities (short, medium, long-term endurance, continuity in strength, speed exercises) in each study. Training heart rate was kept within the maximum range of 50-80%. The exercise program was tailored to the individual, taking into account the participant’s age and physical activity level. In the training, the method was followed from slow to fast, and in movements requiring technical skills, from simple to complex, and changes were made in the program when a change was observed in the participant’s condition.

Our work was concluded as a result of all these 20 weeks of intense rowing exercises. What do you think we saw when we got the results? Successful results far beyond our expectations! Rowing was very good for erection problems and urinary problems, and as a result, it was seen that the quality of life of the patients increased, the side effects related to the disease decreased, and the aerobic capacity and strength properties improved. These findings were the same not only in my patients but also in the control group, normal and healthy men over the age of 50. What do you think, isn’t it the right time to start rowing?

Although our study is the first in Turkey, 2 other studies conducted in the world confirm similar positive results.

My observation is that rowing has had another positive effect on these men over the age of 50. In patients who completed the program, the idea of being part of a community was as constructive as doing individual exercises. They completed the program by developing rapport with the other patients they see every week. Doing exercises such as rowing may be effective in combating certain psychological and social negativities brought on by the disease.

Sleep and cancer

I mentioned it in previous sections. I have explained in the previous chapters of this book that the studies that brought our teacher Aziz Sancar the Nobel Prize in chemistry were studies on DNA repair mechanisms and their relationship with urine. In addition, I also revealed the relationship between DNA repair and circadian rhythm, that is, our sleep rhythm, and especially emphasized the importance of deep (REM) sleep and its importance in the development of cancer. In other words, if you do not have a sound sleep at night or at least 3-4 hours of long sleep, DNA repair will be negatively affected and may cause many diseases, including cancer. For this very reason, I attach great importance to sleep quality, which is the second part of the HUY principle that we must pay attention to in order to prevent cancer. It is necessary to sleep at least 7 hours a day and experience deep REM sleep without waking up too much. Because DNA repair, which protects us from cancer, depends on it!

Your temperament If you have started to change it, it means that you have increased the movement in your life, which means you are now walking and exercising regularly every day. However, you have solved your sleep problems and now you are sleeping 7 hours a day and in quality (Uninterrupted Deep sleep REM). Now it’s time to fix the problems in your daily life. What are these? We can create a positive change in our lifestyle by correcting the problems in your eating habits, getting rid of excess weight, and getting rid of the harmful habits you do regularly every day (smoking, alcohol, poor posture, etc.).

Does being overweight increase the risk of cancer? So how do I know if I am overweight?

Although being overweight is generally a genetic predisposition inherited from our families, it occurs as a result of an eating disorder and can be corrected by changing eating habits. Excess weight can increase the risk of being diagnosed with aggressive (more likely to spread) or advanced (cancer that has spread outside the prostate) prostate cancer. Adding regular exercise to a healthy diet is important for health and may help reduce your risk of being diagnosed with advanced or aggressive prostate cancer. A quick way to check if you’re a healthy weight is to measure your waist. How Does? Wrap a tape measure around your body, between the top of your hips and the bottom of your ribs. For a man, if your waist measurement is 94 cm or more, we consider you overweight and want to take action immediately. This means you’re at higher risk of health problems, possibly including aggressive or advanced prostate cancer. A healthy weight can also improve your overall health and help prevent other health problems, such as type-2 diabetes, heart disease and some other cancers.

Prof. Saadettin Eskicorapci, MD, FEBU,
Board Member of Turkish Urooncology Society
Department of Urology, School of Medicine, Acibadem University, Istanbul
Address: Zorlu Center TA lobby
katT1 D:103 Istanbul

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